(kxan36news)the Russian Military is ready for military expansion in the Arctic and reflect the system With 400 attack imaginary enemy
the Russian defense Ministry Military base “Arctic Shamrock” in the Land of Franz Josef
the Ministry of defence
In the Arctic, the crews of anti-aircraft missile systems (WRU) s-400 “Triumph” anti-aircraft missile regiment connection of the air defense of the Northern fleet, stationed on the southern island of the Novaya Zemlya archipelago, conducted exercises for the protection and defense of the airspace of the Northern sea route, “destroying the” aircraft conditional enemy, which violated the air border of the Russian Federation, reports “Interfax”.
System long-range air defense s-400 stood on combat duty in the Arctic in September 2019 and in November, the Russian military deployed in the archipelagos of the new Siberian Islands and the Franz Joseph coastal missile complexes “Bastion” to cover the Northern sea route, which is considered a national transport communications of Russia.
Russia in recent years significantly strengthened its military forces in the Arctic zone and currently remains the strongest player in the Arctic. Russian military-explorers are the primarybubbled specialists”colonizers” in the high latitudes, and with the permanent basing. The creation of the infrastructure of Arctic group is one of the main priorities of development of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, “Nezavisimaya Gazeta”.
As reported previously, the Agency of military information, Army Recognition, Russia by 2030, intends to take control of 55% of all Arctic oil and gas (the Arctic holds up to 25% of the world’s hydrocarbon reserves). The Arctic is the shortest route to aimed at the Russian American ballistic missiles and the shortest way from Northern Europe to Asia, which is gradually released from ice.
the United States and NATO in the “battle” for the Arctic regularly there exercises Ice Exercise (IceX) with the participation of submarines. March 10 the nuclear submarine USS Toledo (SSN-769) of the “Los Angeles”, breaking the ice, surfaced in the immediate vicinity of the Russian military base “Arctic Shamrock” in the Land of Franz Joseph. Wednesday, March 18, in the North of Norway (on the border with the Murmansk region) was to be completed joint exercises with NATO Cold Response (“Cold response”), which was planned in response to excessive military activity of Russia in Arctic zone. Units of the Alliance was already deployed to North Norway – 16 thousand soldiers from 10 countries (USA, UK, Netherlands, Germany, France, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Sweden and Norway), but the exercise was cancelled due to the threat of the spread of coronavirus.
To enhance security, as well as for the study of the Arctic region, Russian President Vladimir Putin in April, 2014 instructed the defense Ministry to build Arctic unified system of basing of surface ships and submarines of the new generation, to strengthen the border and to form a new state body for the implementation of the policy of Russia in this strategically important region. In addition to naval groups in the new structure was included naval aviation, land forces, HQs and air defense. Low!on December of the same year was created the joint strategic command (OSK) “North fleet” to protect Russia’s national interests in the Arctic.
In 2014-2015, the Spetsstroy of Russia launched the creation of military camps and airfields in six districts of the Arctic – on the Alexandra Land (archipelago Franz-Joseph), in the village of Rogachevo on Novaya Zemlya, the island Average (North Land), Cape Otto Schmidt and on Wrangel island and Kotelny island (Novosibirsk Islands). The uniqueness of Arctic group regularly borne out in practice. In the autumn of 2019, the Northern fleet made the eighth hike in the Arctic ocean, leaving permanent ports of Murmansk and Severomorsk in the Barents sea.
And the first large-scale campaign in the Eastern part of the Russian Arctic took place 8 years ago, in 2012. Then the Marines of the Northern fleet for the first time in the history of Russian Navy carried out amphibious landing on unequipped coast of the island of Kotelny, reminiscent of “Nezavisimaya Gazeta”.
Now, in the interest of Arctic exploration and improvement group employs a variety of research institutes and military factories. A year ago, the Arctic units of the Northern fleet was transferred to the new unique radar station (radar) “Approach”, developed specially for the far North. In the Arctic, the “Approach” painted white, covered with a huge radar dome a dome that protects all the equipment from the harsh Northern winds. Just imagine that at extremely low temperatures down to minus 50 station simultaneously accompanied by up to 200 aerial targets. Another important segment that can make the sky over the Arctic is completely transparent, provides a station “Caste”. Working on the same circuit as our other radar, it completely covers all heights from the surface of the North Arctic ocean to the ISS in orbit.
the uniqueness of the Electronic troops for The Arctic group of forces consists in their mobility. All stations placed on cars very high permeability, they are able to move through the swamps of the tundra and deep snow. And while the deployment of the radar does not exceed 15-20 minutes.
Military base “Arctic Shamrock” in the Land of Franz Josef can continuously work for 18 months consisting of 150 people. It includes two runways, equipped with coastal missile complexes “Bastion”. And on the basis of “North clover” (the Kotelny island in the Laptev sea) serve 250 people, operates radar to monitor aircraft complex “shell – C1” for the defense.
Specifically for Arctic conditions in 2015 was established 80-I separate motorized rifle brigade. It is armed with special armored vehicles with wide tracks and self-propelled howitzers “Gvozdika” Arctic conductivity. In addition, the Arsenal of the brigade strengthened anti-aircraft missile system “tor-М2ДТ” with 16 missiles with a range of 16 kilometers and engage targets at an altitude of 10 kilometers. The brigade also included anti-aircraft missile and gun complex “Carapace-SA”, 18, armed with missiles with a range of 20 kilometers and the ability to hit targets at an altitude of 15 kilometers.
“Today the Arctic has become the object of territorial, resource and military-strategic interests of some States. This can lead to the buildup of the conflict potential in the region”, – said Russian defense Minister Sergei Shoigu at the Board meeting of the military Department in 2018. He has said many times that the servicemen of the Northern fleet is experiencing promising military equipment in the extreme conditions of the Arctic. “With the support of the Russian geographical society continues complex expedition units Arctic brigade of the Northern fleet to the archipelago of Novaya Zemlya. In extreme conditions is the testing of promising models of military equipment and environments ETS navigation”, – said the Minister.
As NEZAVISIMAYA Gazeta notes that NATO countries are constantly declaring that they intend to expand their presence in the Arctic, however, to compete in this with Russia, they are unlikely to be able. February 28, 2020 at the meeting of the Collegium of the military Department, the head of the defense Ministry stated that in the Arctic in the Northern fleet formed a new division PVO. The Northern sea route is under reliable protection. According to the Minister, annually Northern fleet fulfills the airborne HQs and special operations Forces “the defense of important industrial facilities, and protection of economic interests of Russia in the Arctic zone”.
“We have laid the Foundation for a solid Foundation to create the military infrastructure. On the Islands of the Arctic archipelago built unparalleled in the world of administrative and residential complexes in which soldiers are on active service, combat duty on a rotational basis,” – said Shoigu.
In the near future Northern fleet will receive the first nuclear submarine of the new project “Borey” “Prince Vladimir” and the frigate “Admiral Kasatonov”, and by the end of 2020 – four surface ships, submarines and boats. By the end of 2020 the Russian army will receive more than 180 units of arms and military equipment adapted for use in the harsh conditions of the Arctic.